Disposable Bipolar Instruments

Disposable Bipolar Instruments

Disposable bipolar instruments are essential tools in modern minimally invasive surgeries, offering precise cutting, coagulation, and tissue manipulation capabilities while minimizing the risk of thermal spread to surrounding tissues. Unlike monopolar instruments, bipolar instruments use two electrodes to pass electrical current directly through the tissue between them, eliminating the need for a grounding pad and providing more controlled and localized effects.

Available as

Fenestrated Bipolar Forceps 5mm, 330mm
Maryland Bipolar Forceps 5mm, 330mm

Components and Design

  1. Bipolar Tips: The active part of the instrument where electrical energy is applied. These tips come in various designs such as forceps, scissors, and graspers.
  2. Insulated Shaft: A long, slender, insulated shaft that allows the surgeon to reach internal tissues through small incisions.
  3. Handle: Ergonomically designed for a comfortable grip and precise control, often with a mechanism to activate the bipolar energy.
  4. Connection Interface: Allows the instrument to be connected to a bipolar electrosurgical generator.


  • Coagulation: Precise control of bleeding by coagulating blood vessels.
  • Cutting: Simultaneous cutting and coagulation of tissues.
  • Tissue Manipulation: Grasping, holding, and manipulating tissues during surgery.
  • Dissection: Separating and dissecting tissues.


  1. Sterility: Each instrument is sterile-packed, minimizing the risk of infection and cross-contamination.
  2. Convenience: Ready-to-use instruments eliminate the need for cleaning and sterilization, saving time and resources.
  3. Safety: Reduces the risk of thermal injury to surrounding tissues due to localized energy delivery.
  4. Cost-Effectiveness: Decreases costs related to reprocessing and potential instrument damage.
  5. Precision: Provides consistent performance with each use, ensuring reliable cutting and coagulation of tissues.

Types of Disposable Bipolar Instruments

  1. Bipolar Forceps: Used for grasping and coagulating tissues. Variations include:
    • Standard Bipolar Forceps: Basic design for general use.
    • Non-Stick Bipolar Forceps: Designed to minimize tissue adhesion to the tips.
    • Bayonet Bipolar Forceps: Angled design for better visibility and access.
  2. Bipolar Scissors: Used for simultaneous cutting and coagulating tissues.
  3. Bipolar Graspers: For grasping and manipulating tissues while providing coagulation.
  4. Bipolar Dissectors: For precise dissection and coagulation of tissues.


  1. Preparation: The surgical area is prepared, and the patient is positioned appropriately. The surgical team sets up the bipolar electrosurgical generator.
  2. Insertion: The bipolar instrument is introduced into the body cavity through a trocar or laparoscopic port.
  3. Operation: The instrument is connected to the electrosurgical generator. The surgeon uses the instrument to grasp, cut, coagulate, or manipulate tissues as required by the procedure.
  4. Completion: After use, the instrument is removed from the body cavity.
  5. Disposal: The instrument is disposed of according to hospital protocols for biohazardous waste.

Examples of Procedures Using Disposable Bipolar Instruments

  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Removal of the gallbladder, requiring coagulation of the cystic duct and artery.
  • Laparoscopic Appendectomy: Removal of the appendix, involving coagulation of the appendix and surrounding tissues.
  • Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus, necessitating cutting and coagulation of uterine tissues.
  • Laparoscopic Colectomy: Removal of a portion of the colon, requiring precise dissection and coagulation.
  • Laparoscopic Myomectomy: Removal of fibroids from the uterus, involving precise cutting and coagulation of fibroid tissue.

Clinical Considerations

  1. Instrument Type: Selecting the appropriate bipolar instrument based on the specific procedure and surgical task.
  2. Generator Settings: Adjusting the electrosurgical generator settings to achieve optimal cutting, coagulation, or dissection.
  3. Sterility and Disposal: Maintaining sterility before use and following proper disposal protocols post-surgery.
  4. Technique: Employing correct surgical techniques to maximize the efficiency and safety of the bipolar instrument.
  5. Compatibility: Ensuring compatibility with the electrosurgical generator and other surgical equipment.

Maintenance and Care

Since these instruments are disposable, they do not require maintenance and care beyond ensuring proper storage before use and adherence to disposal protocols after use. This further enhances their convenience and reduces the workload on healthcare staff.

Disposable bipolar instruments are vital in modern minimally invasive surgeries, offering numerous benefits in terms of sterility, convenience, safety, and precision. They enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of surgical procedures, contributing to improved patient outcomes and streamlined surgical processes.